The Architecture and Construction cluster is about careers in designing, planning, managing, building and maintaining the built environment. Think about your home, school, or local retail center. Careers in this cluster are responsible for the details of designing, constructing, and equipping these buildings. That ranges from the architects designing the look and flow of the building, to the carpenters and stone masons building its walls, to the electricians and installers of heating and air conditioning. Architects with knowledge of sustainable, or green, design will be especially in demand.
Employment Projections: 2012-2022
The Architecture & Construction Cluster, which employed approximately 284,500 Virginians in 2012, is expected to employ about 51,000 more Virginia workers in 2022, for a total of about 335,500. This represents 18 percent growth in Virginia over the decade, approximately equivalent the anticipated national average growth among all occupations in this cluster, as based on Trailblazers analysis of information from Bureau of Labor Statistics.
For more information on occupations in the Architecture & Construction Cluster, visit Trailblazers – Career and Technical Education in Virginia.
What They Make...
2013 Median Wage
2022 Projected Employment
Predominant Level of Education
Employed in Virginia
|Carpenters||$37,540||30,671||High School diploma & training; Certification||24,834|
|Construction Supervisors||$57,900||26,162||High School diploma & work experience||21,411|
|Electricians||$44,820||21,583||High School diploma & training; Certification||18,681|
|Plumbers, Pipefitters, and Steamfitters||$43,530||15,122||High School diploma & training; Certification||12,982|
|Construction Managers||$91,690||13,929||High School diploma & work experience||12,263|
|Construction Equipment Operators||$35,990||11,386||High School diploma & training; Certification||9,525|
|Heating, AC, and Refrigeration Mechanics||$42,680||10,809||High School diploma & training; Certification||9,169|
|Civil Engineers||$78,140||10,495||Bachelor's degree or more||8,716|
|Cost Estimators||$59,050||9,798||Some College; Associate degree||7,774|
|Sheet Metal Workers||$41,160||6,198||High School diploma & training; Certification||5,442|
|Cement Masons and Concrete Finishers||$34,570||5,650||High School diploma & training; Certification||4,484|
|Architects||$77,990||3,984||Bachelor's degree or more & training; Certification||3,444|
|Brickmasons and Blockmasons||$41,650||3,882||High School diploma and training; Certification||2,919|
|Electrical Power-Line Installers and Repairers||$58,780||3,209||High School diploma and training; Certification||2,923|
|Civil Engineering Technicians||$41,610||2,959||Some College; Associate degree||2,831|
|Structural Iron and Steel Workers||$39,510||2,287||High School diploma & training; Certification||1,960|
|Interior Designers||$53,760||1,605||Bachelor's degree or more & training; Certification||1,472|
|Surveyors||$49,880||1,538||Bachelor's degree or more||1,377|
|Architectural and Civil Drafters||$48,180||1,452||Some College; Associate degree||1,483|
|Landscape Architects||$66,120||913||Bachelor's degree or more & training; Certification||800|
Wage data: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2013 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: Virginia.
Employment projections data: Virginia Employment Commission, Virginia Occupational Employment Projections 2012-2022.
Predominant education level: Trailblazers through the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.
Career Cluster Planning
A resource for counselors, administrators, and educators
CTE Administrative Planning Guide (APG) – includes information to help local school divisions plan and schedule instructional programs. The APG is organized by career clusters, with a complete listing of courses, concentration sequences, and credentials available to students as they plan for career entry and continuing education. Users may access course information by cluster or by searching for specific courses or certifications.
A resource for students and counselors
Career Planning Guide – includes an easy way for students and counselors to look for courses to further career goals. One can search for occupations, browse by Career Clusters or favorite academic subjects.
Information and tips for instructional leaders, administrators, counselors and teachers/faculty for creating a career pathway academic and career plan of study.
- Architecture & Construction Cluster Information
- Checklist for Developing Career Clusters Plans of Study (Word)
Sample Academic and Career Plans of Study
School divisions are asked to develop sample plans of study based on the courses offered within their schools, the employment needs of the region, and the post-high school educational opportunities needed for these careers. Once these sample plans are developed, they can be customized to the needs of individual students so that all students have the opportunity to have an individualized academic and career plan of study.
Sample Pathway Plans of Study for Architecture & Construction.
- Construction (Word)
- Design / Pre-Construction (Word)
- Maintenance Operations (Word)
- Blank Plan of Study (with fields) (Word)
Also see Sample Plans of Study for all clusters and pathways.
Report: Education, Employment and Earnings: Analyzing Data from Architecture & Construction
Cluster Analysis Document for Virginia
Current research relative to employment sectors and information on occupation supply and demand. The information is presented in two formats: a summary brief and a detailed report.
Nontraditional Careers: Occupational and Employment Information
- Executive Summary – Architecture and Construction in Virginia (PDF)
- Architecture and Construction in Virginia (PDF)
- Associated Builders and Contractors
- Associated General Contractors of Virginia
- The American Institute of Architects
The Career Clusters logo and its extensions are the property of the National Career Technical Foundation, as managed by NASDCTEc. Some content on this page is from the publication, R U College & Career Ready? - 2015 Edition; and is used here with permission from the Virginia Business Publications LLC and Trailblazers in the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.