Business Management and Administration careers encompass planning, organizing, directing and evaluating business functions essential to efficient and productive business operations. Hospitals, professional offices, law firms, and corporate headquarters require bookkeepers, administrative assistants, and benefit specialists to keep their operations running smoothly. As technology becomes more advanced and businesses begin to expand globally, international expertise will be a valuable skill for individuals in this field. Workers with computer skills will be most in demand. Occupations in this cluster are essential to any industry. Administrative support is expected to see the highest growth in sheer number of available jobs.
Produced by: Granby High School, Norfolk City Public Schools
Employment Projections: 2012-2022
Business Management & Administration is the cluster employing the largest number of workers in Virginia. This cluster, which employed about 846,000 Virginians in 2012, is expected to employ over 78,000 more Virginia workers in 2022, for a total of over 924,000. This represents 9 percent growth in Virginia over the decade, exceeding the anticipated national average growth of 7 percent among all occupations in this cluster, a figure based on Trailblazers analysis of information from Bureau of Labor Statistics.
For more information on occupations in the Business Management & Administration Cluster, visit Trailblazers – Career and Technical Education in Virginia(PDF).
What They Make...
2013 Median Wage
2022 Projected Employment
Predominant Level of Education
Employed in Virginia
|Office Clerks||$28,590||96,004||Some college; Associate degree||88,065|
|Management Analysts||$92,140||65,224||Bachelor's degree or more and work experience||53,611|
|General and Operations Managers||$114,030||63,704||Bachelor's degree or more & work experience||55,379|
|Customer Service Representatives||$31,170||57,853||Some college; Associate degree||50,697|
|Bookkeeping Clerks||$35,900||57,349||Some college; Associate degree & training; Certification||49,952|
|Supervisors of Office Workers||$50,510||46,207||Some college; Associate degree & work experience||40,098|
|Secretaries and Administrative Assistants||$33,590||42,901||Some college; Associate degree||37,326|
|Receptionists||$26,840||36,486||High School diploma||30,182|
|Executive Secretaries and Assistants||$49,830||21,573||Some college; Associate degree & work experience||21,250|
|Shipping, Receiving, and Traffic Clerks||$29,300||14,782||High School diploma||14,489|
|Training and Development Specialists||$64,290||12,548||Bachelor's degree or more||10,012|
|Operations Research Analysts||$93,470||6,546||Bachelor's degree or more||4,789|
|Administrative Services Managers||$85,380||5,472||Some college; Associate degree & work experience||4,748|
|Human Resources Assistants||$37,830||4,319||Some college; Associate degree||4,430|
|Payroll and Timekeeping Clerks||$41,220||4,276||Some college; Associate degree & training; Certification||3,780|
|File Clerks||$26,230||3,446||Some college; Associate degree||3,456|
|Human Resources Managers||$118,640||3,405||Bachelor's degree or more & work experience||2,946|
|Compensation and Job Analysis Specialists||$60,390||2,725||Bachelor's degree or more||2,428|
|Procurement Clerks||$41,120||2,292||Some college; Associate degree & training; Certification||2,280|
|Training and Development Managers||$109,680||1,342||Bachelor's degree or more & work experience||1,155|
Wage data: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2013 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: Virginia.
Employment projections data: Virginia Employment Commission, Virginia Occupational Employment Projections 2012-2022.
Predominant education level: Trailblazers through the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.
Career Cluster Planning
A resource for counselors, administrators, and educators
CTE Administrative Planning Guide (APG) – includes information to help local school divisions plan and schedule instructional programs. The APG is organized by career clusters, with a complete listing of courses, concentration sequences, and credentials available to students as they plan for career entry and continuing education. Users may access course information by cluster or by searching for specific courses or certifications.
Career Planning Guide – includes an easy way for students and counselors to look for courses to further career goals. One can search for occupations, browse by Career Clusters or favorite academic subjects.
Information and tips for instructional leaders, administrators, counselors and teachers/faculty for creating a career pathway academic and career plan of study.
- Business Management & Administration Cluster Information
- Checklist for Developing Career Clusters Plans of Study (Word)
Sample Academic and Career Plans of Study
School divisions are asked to develop sample plans of study based on the courses offered within their schools, the employment needs of the region, and the post-high school educational opportunities needed for these careers. Once these sample plans are developed, they can be customized to the needs of individual students so that all students have the opportunity to have an individualized academic and career plan of study.
Sample Pathway Plans of Stud for Business Management & Administration:
- Administrative Support (Word)
- Business Information Management (Word)
- General Management (Word)
- Human Resources Management (Word)
- Operations Management (Word)
- Blank Plan of Study (with fields) (Word)
Also see Sample Plans of Study for all clusters and pathways.
Report: Education, Employment and Earnings: Analyzing Data from Business Management & Administration
Cluster Analysis Document for Virginia
- American Institute of Certified Public Accountants
- The Leadership Development Organization
- National Association of Legal Professionals
The Career Clusters logo and its extensions are the property of the National Career Technical Foundation, as managed by NASDCTEc. Some content on this page is from the publication, R U College & Career Ready? - 2016 Edition; and is used here with permission from the Virginia Business Publications LLC and Trailblazers in the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.