Hospitality & Tourism encompasses the management, marketing and operations of restaurants and other foodservices, lodging, attractions, recreation events and travel related services. Jobs in this career cluster include travel agents who help people plan their ideal vacation, and chefs and bakers who prepare their own culinary masterpieces. Competition in this field is fierce. Employment of meeting, convention, and event planners is expected to grow rapidly as companies become increasingly widespread and are looking for opportunities to bring their employees together. Job seekers with a college degree in hospitality management or administration will have the best prospects.
Employment Projections: 2010-2020
The Hospitality and Tourism career cluster is projected to experience moderate growth between 2010 and 2020. According to estimates by the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), about 17.8 million people were employed in Hospitality and Tourism occupations in 2010, and employment is expected to grow to around 19.6 million by 2020. A portion of this growth will be making up for employment lost during the recession when the leisure and hospitality industry was particularly hard hit. The overall growth rate for the cluster is projected to be about average compared to other clusters at 10%.The report Employment Projections for Hospitality and Tourism, 2010-2020 includes data on occupations growing faster that the nation average, pathways employment overview, occupations with the most job openings, and employment projections.
What They Make...
Occupations in this cluster and what they make in Virginia
|Occupation||Employed in VA||Typical salary1||Typical entry-level Education|
|Bakers||2,720||$17K–$37K||Less than high school|
|Bartenders||8,210||$16K–$32K||Less than high school|
|Chefs and head cooks||2,430||$25K–$74K||High school diploma|
|Dishwashers||11,660||$16K–$23K||Less than high school|
|Fast food cooks||7,580||$16K–$23K||Less than high school|
|Food preparations workers||19,630||$16K–$29K||Less than high school|
|Food service managers||2,960||$31K–$81K||High school diploma|
|Hotel desk clerks||6,660||$17K–$30K||High school diploma|
|Lodging managers||900||$29K–$90K||High school diploma|
|Meeting, convention and event planners||3,500||$27K–$79K||Bachelor’s degree|
|Recreation workers||11,670||$17K–$39K||Bachelor’s degree|
|Cooks, restaurant||27,770||$17K–$32K||Less than high school|
|Tour guides||1,460||$17K–$38K||High school diploma|
|Travel agents||1,620||$20K–$57K||High school diploma|
|Waiters and waitresses||64,360||$16K–$30K||Less than high school|
110th to 90th percentile
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Career Cluster Planning
A resource for counselors, administrators, and educators
CTE Administrative Planning Guide (APG) – includes information to help local school divisions plan and schedule instructional programs. The APG is organized by career clusters, with a complete listing of courses, concentration sequences, and credentials available to students as they plan for career entry and continuing education. Users may access course information by cluster or by searching for specific courses or certifications.
Career Planning Guide – includes an easy way for students and counselors to look for courses to further career goals. One can search for occupations, browse by Career Clusters or favorite academic subjects.
Information and tips for instructional leaders, administrators, counselors and teachers/faculty for creating a career pathway academic and career plan of study.
- Hospitality & Tourism Cluster Information
- Checklist for Developing Career Clusters Plans of Study (Word)
Sample Academic and Career Plans of Study
School divisions are asked to develop sample plans of study based on the courses offered within their schools, the employment needs of the region, and the post-high school educational opportunities needed for these careers. Once these sample plans are developed, they can be customized to the needs of individual students so that all students have the opportunity to have an individualized academic and career plan of study.
Sample Pathway Plans of Study for Hospitality & Tourism:
- Lodging (Word)
- Recreation, Amusements & Attractions (Word)
- Restaurants and Food / Beverage Services (Word)
- Travel & Tourism (Word)
- Blank Plan of Study (with fields) (Word)
Also see Sample Plans of Study for all clusters and pathways.
- National Restaurant Association
- American Association of Travel Agents
- Virginia Hospitality and Travel Association
The Career Clusters logo and its extensions are the property of the National Career Technical Foundation, as managed by NASDCTEc. Some content on this page is from the publication, R U College & Career Ready? - 2014 Edition; and is used here with permission from the Virginia Business Publications LLC and Trailblazers in the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.