The Human Services cluster is about preparing individuals for employment in career pathways that relate to families and human needs such as counseling, personal care, and consumer services. Employment within this cluster is expected to be favorable within the next decade especially for hairstylists, cosmetologists, child and family social workers, and marriage and family therapists. Jobs will be easier to find within urban as opposed to rural environments. With the proper training and skill level, people are predicted to have little difficulty finding employment.
Produced by: Highland Springs Technical Center, Henrico County Public Schools
Employment Projections: 2010-2020
The Human Services career cluster is projected to experience fast growth between 2010 and 2020. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, occupations in this cluster employed around 6.5 million workers in 2010 and will employ over 8 million by 2020. Human Services is expected to add jobs faster than the national average, growing by 26 percent between 2010 and 2020.
The report Employment Projections for Human Services, 2010-2020 includes data on occupations growing faster that the nation average, pathways employment overview, occupations with the most job openings, and employment projections.
What They Make...
Occupations in this cluster and what they make in Virginia
|Occupation||Employed in VA||Typical salary1||Typical entry-level Education|
|Child and family social workers||7,700||$27K–$71K||Bachelor's degree|
|Clinical, counseling and school psychologists||2,440||$38K–$109K||Doctoral or professional degree|
|Dietitians and nutritionists||1,100||$35K–$78K||Bachelor's degree|
|Funeral attendants||1,430||$17K–$35K||High school diploma|
|Funeral directors||520||$27K–$81K||Associate's degree|
|Hairstylists, cosmetologists||12,670||$17K–$42K||Postsecondary non-degree award|
|Marriage and family therapists||1,710||$26K–$75K||Master's degree|
|Rehabilitation counselors||3,490||$21K–$59K||Master's degree|
|Residential advisers||2,290||$17K–$39K||Some college|
|Skin care specialists||870||$17K–$52K||Postsecondary
|Social, community service managers||2,430||$36K–$99K||Bachelor's degree|
|Social, human service assistants||6,130||$19K–$46K||High school diploma|
110th to 90th percentile
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Career Cluster Planning
A resource for counselors, administrators, and educators
CTE Administrative Planning Guide (APG) – includes information to help local school divisions plan and schedule instructional programs. The APG is organized by career clusters, with a complete listing of courses, concentration sequences, and credentials available to students as they plan for career entry and continuing education. Users may access course information by cluster or by searching for specific courses or certifications.
Career Planning Guide – includes an easy way for students and counselors to look for courses to further career goals. One can search for occupations, browse by Career Clusters or favorite academic subjects.
Information and tips for instructional leaders, administrators, counselors and teachers/faculty for creating a career pathway academic and career plan of study.
Sample Academic and Career Plans of Study
School divisions are asked to develop sample plans of study based on the courses offered within their schools, the employment needs of the region, and the post-high school educational opportunities needed for these careers. Once these sample plans are developed, they can be customized to the needs of individual students so that all students have the opportunity to have an individualized academic and career plan of study.
Sample Pathway Plans of Study for Human Services:
- Consumer Services (Word)
- Counseling & Mental Health Services (Word)
- Early Childhood Development & Services (Word)
- Family & Community Services (Word)
- Personal Care Services (Word)
- Blank Plan of Study (with fields) (Word)
Also see Sample Plans of Study for all clusters and pathways.
- National Association for Home Care & Hospice
- American Counseling Association
- National Child Care Association
The Career Clusters logo and its extensions are the property of the National Career Technical Foundation, as managed by NASDCTEc. Some content on this page is from the publication, R U College & Career Ready? - 2014 Edition; and is used here with permission from the Virginia Business Publications LLC and Trailblazers in the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.