The Human Services cluster is about preparing individuals for employment in career pathways that relate to families and human needs such as counseling, personal care, and consumer services. Employment within this cluster is expected to be favorable within the next decade especially for hairstylists, cosmetologists, child and family social workers, and marriage and family therapists. Jobs will be easier to find within urban as opposed to rural environments. With the proper training and skill level, people are predicted to have little difficulty finding employment. More than 1,000 annual job openings in community service, religion, and social work are projected through 2022.
Produced by: Highland Springs Technical Center, Henrico County Public Schools
Employment Projections: 2012-2022
The Human Services Cluster which, along with Information Technology and Health Science, is one of the fastest growing clusters in Virginia, employed slightly more than 172,000 Virginians in 2012, and is expected to employ over 43,000 more Virginia workers in 2022, for a total of approximately 215,000. This represents 25 percent growth over the decade, slightly exceeding the anticipated national average growth of 21 percent among all occupations in this cluster, a figure based on Trailblazers analysis of information from Bureau of Labor Statistics.
For more information on occupations in the Human Services Cluster, visit Trailblazers – Career and Technical Education in Virginia(PDF).
What They Make...
2013 Median Wage
2022 Projected Employment
Predominant Level of Education
Employed in Virginia
|Personal Care Aides||$18,420||51,224||High School diploma||32,418|
|Childcare Workers||$19,120||33,981||High School diploma||28,524|
|Hairstylists||$28,020||24,212||High School diploma||21,829|
|Fitness Trainers and Aerobics Instructors||$40,080||10,343||Bachelor's degree or more||8,908|
|Mental Health Counselors||$43,030||9,832||Bachelor's degree or more & training; Certification||7,644|
|Child, Family, and School Social Workers||$43,220||9,373||Bachelor's degree or more||7,791|
|Supervisors of Personal Service Workers||$35,870||8,120||Some college; Associate degree & work experience||7,226|
|Human Service Assistants||$29,530||7,574||Bachelor's degree or more||6,229|
|Rehabilitation Counselors||$38,070||4,946||Bachelor's degree or more||3,904|
|Massage Therapists||$37,620||4,731||Some college; Associate degree||3,500|
|Mental Health and Substance Abuse Social Workers||$43,270||3,868||Bachelor's degree or more||3,193|
|Healthcare Social Workers||$50,940||3,381||Bachelor's degree or more||2,737|
|Substance Abuse and Behavioral Disorder Counselors||$40,290||2,979||Bachelor's degree or more & training; Certification||2,387|
|Residential Advisors||$28,350||2,807||Some college; Associate degree & work experience||2,294|
|Marriage and Family Therapists||$43,840||2,421||Bachelor's degree or more & training; Certification||1,877|
|Skincare Specialists||$20,160||1,813||High School diploma||1,222|
|Tailors, Dressmakers, and Custom Sewers||$23,680||1,786||High School diploma & training; Certification||1,785|
|Health Educators||$49,860||1,333||Bachelor's degree or more||1,145|
|Clergy||$40,350||1,189||Bachelor's degree or more & training; Certification||1,019|
|Directors, Religious Activities and Education||$47,950||Data unavailable from VEC||Bachelor's degree or more & work experience||Data unavailable from VEC|
Wage data: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2013 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: Virginia.
Employment projections data: Virginia Employment Commission, Virginia Occupational Employment Projections 2012-2022.
Predominant education level: Trailblazers through the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.
Career Cluster Planning
A resource for counselors, administrators, and educators
CTE Administrative Planning Guide (APG) – includes information to help local school divisions plan and schedule instructional programs. The APG is organized by career clusters, with a complete listing of courses, concentration sequences, and credentials available to students as they plan for career entry and continuing education. Users may access course information by cluster or by searching for specific courses or certifications.
Career Planning Guide – includes an easy way for students and counselors to look for courses to further career goals. One can search for occupations, browse by Career Clusters or favorite academic subjects.
Information and tips for instructional leaders, administrators, counselors and teachers/faculty for creating a career pathway academic and career plan of study.
Sample Academic and Career Plans of Study
School divisions are asked to develop sample plans of study based on the courses offered within their schools, the employment needs of the region, and the post-high school educational opportunities needed for these careers. Once these sample plans are developed, they can be customized to the needs of individual students so that all students have the opportunity to have an individualized academic and career plan of study.
Sample Pathway Plans of Study for Human Services:
- Consumer Services (Word)
- Counseling & Mental Health Services (Word)
- Early Childhood Development & Services (Word)
- Family & Community Services (Word)
- Personal Care Services (Word)
- Blank Plan of Study (with fields) (Word)
Also see Sample Plans of Study for all clusters and pathways.
Report: Education, Employment and Earnings: Analyzing Data from Human Services
Cluster Analysis Document for Virginia
- National Association for Home Care & Hospice
- American Counseling Association
- National Child Care Association
The Career Clusters logo and its extensions are the property of the National Career Technical Foundation, as managed by NASDCTEc. Some content on this page is from the publication, R U College & Career Ready? - 2016 Edition; and is used here with permission from the Virginia Business Publications LLC and Trailblazers in the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.