The Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security cluster is about planning, managing, and providing legal, public safety, protective services and homeland security, including professional and technical support services. The justice system is a complex field that employs many people to keep communications safe. This cluster offers great careers for people who want to give back to their community. Police officers, emergency medical technicians, and firefighters are vital for citizen’s security. This cluster also encompasses the legal field. Demand for emergency medical technicians and paramedics should increase by nearly 50 percent by 2022.
Employment Projections: 2012-2022
The Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security Cluster, which employed nearly 160,000 Virginians in 2012 is expected to employ 24,000 more Virginia workers in 2022, for a total of about 184,000. This represents 15 percent growth over the decade, exceeding the anticipated national average growth of 8 percent among all occupations in this cluster a figure based on Trailblazers analysis of information from Bureau of Labor Statistics.
For more information on occupations in the Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security Cluster, visit Trailblazers – Career and Technical Education in Virginia(PDF).
What They Make...
2013 Median Wage
2022 Projected Employment
Predominant Level of Education
Employed in Virginia
|Security Guards||$26,930||40,712||Hign School diploma||32,663|
|Lawyers||$115,370||23,029||Bachelor's degree or more||20,431|
|Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers||$47,510||20,636||Some college; Associate degree & training; Certification||18,305|
|Correctional Officers and Jailers||$35,210||20,587||Some college; Associate degree & training; Certification||18,150|
|Paralegals and Legal Assistants||$46,800||10,708||Some college; Associate degree||8,976|
|Firefighters||$44,330||9,856||Some college; Associate degree & training; Certification||8,640|
|EMTs and Paramedics||$30,180||6,564||Some college; Associate degree||4,449|
|Detectives and Criminal Investigators||$82,350||3,943||Bachelor's degree or more & training; Certification & work experience||3,769|
|Police, Fire, and Ambulance Dispatchers||$34,540||3,548||Some college; Associate degree & training; Certification||3,040|
|Legal Secretaries||$39,000||3,474||Some college; Associate degree & training; Certification||3,430|
|Probation Officers||$42,440||3,160||Bachelor's degree or more||3,123|
|Supervisors of Correctional Officers||$44,690||2,835||Some college; Associate degree & training; Certification & work experience||2,608|
|Supervisors of Police and Detectives||$76,720||2,753||Some college; Associate degree & training; Certification & work experience||2,573|
|Supervisors of Fire Fighting Workers||$67,000||1,866||Some college; Associate degree & work experience||1,634|
|Private Detectives and Investigators||$44,750||992||Bachelor's degree or more & training; Certification & work experience||795|
|Animal Control Workers||$33,880||520||High School diploma & training; Certification||448|
|Judicial Law Clerks||$44,730||176||Some college; Associate degree||152|
|Forensic Science Technicians||$68,410||405||Bachelor's degree or more & training; Certification||386|
|Fish and Game Wardens||$42,330||282||Bachelor's degree or more||277|
|Court Reporters||$44,030||275||Some college; Associate degree||227|
Wage data: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2013 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: Virginia.
Employment projections data: Virginia Employment Commission, Virginia Occupational Employment Projections 2012-2022.
Predominant education level: Trailblazers through the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.
Career Cluster Planning
A resource for counselors, administrators, and educators
CTE Administrative Planning Guide (APG) – includes information to help local school divisions plan and schedule instructional programs. The APG is organized by career clusters, with a complete listing of courses, concentration sequences, and credentials available to students as they plan for career entry and continuing education. Users may access course information by cluster or by searching for specific courses or certifications.
Career Planning Guide – includes an easy way for students and counselors to look for courses to further career goals. One can search for occupations, browse by Career Clusters or favorite academic subjects.
Information and tips for instructional leaders, administrators, counselors and teachers/faculty for creating a career pathway academic and career plan of study.
- Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security Cluster Information
- Checklist for Developing Career Clusters Plans of Study (Word)
Sample Academic and Career Plans of Study
School divisions are asked to develop sample plans of study based on the courses offered within their schools, the employment needs of the region, and the post-high school educational opportunities needed for these careers. Once these sample plans are developed, they can be customized to the needs of individual students so that all students have the opportunity to have an individualized academic and career plan of study.
Sample Pathway Plans of Study for Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security:
- Correction Services (Word)
- Emergency & Fire Management Services (Word)
- Law Enforcement Services (Word)
- Legal Services (Word)
- Security & Protective Services (Word)
- Blank Plan of Study (with fields) (Word)
Also see Sample Plans of Study for all clusters and pathways.
Report: Education, Employment and Earnings: Analyzing Data from Law, Public Safety, Corrections & Security
Cluster Analysis Document for Virginia
Current research relative to employment sectors and information on occupation supply and demand. The information is presented in two formats: a summary brief and a detailed report.
Nontraditional Careers: Occupational and Employment Information
- Executive Summary – Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security in Virginia (PDF)
- Law, Public Safety, Corrections and Security in Virginia (PDF)
The Career Clusters logo and its extensions are the property of the National Career Technical Foundation, as managed by NASDCTEc. Some content on this page is from the publication, R U College & Career Ready? - 2016 Edition; and is used here with permission from the Virginia Business Publications LLC and Trailblazers in the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.