The Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics cluster is about planning, managing, and providing scientific research and professional and technical services (e.g., physical science, social science, engineering) including laboratory and testing services and research and development services. Job opportunities in this cluster will vary depending upon specialty. Over the next decade, jobs aligned with advancing technology are predicted to boom as new career opportunities open. Individuals with college-degrees and experience have the most potential for success within this industry. Atmospheric and space scientists, environmental scientists, and specialists, geoscientists, and hydrologists can expect nearly 9,700 job opportunities in Virginia by 2022.
Produced by: Cooper Elementary, Andrews PreK-8 and Phoebus High School, Hampton City Public Schools
Employment Projections: 2012-2022
The Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics Cluster, which employed nearly 87,000 Virginians in 2012, is expected to employ nearly 11,000 more workers in 2022, for a totally of about 98,000. This represents 12 percent growth over the decade, exceeding the anticipated national average growth of 9 percent among all occupations in this cluster, a figure based on Trailblazers analysis of information from Bureau of Labor Statistics.
For more information on occupations in the Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics Cluster, visit Trailblazers – Career and Technical Education in Virginia(PDF).
What They Make...
2013 Median Wage
2022 Projected Employment
Predominant Level of Education
Employed in Virginia
|Civil Engineers||$78,140||10,495||Bachelor's degree or more||8,716|
|Mechanical Engineers||$89,460||8,504||Bachelor's degree or more||7,902|
|Electrical Engineers||$89,330||6,865||Bachelor's degree or more||6,218|
|Architectural and Engineering Managers||$136,770||6,660||Bachelor's degree or more & work experience||5,833|
|Electronics Engineers||$102,430||5,636||Bachelor's degree or more||5,181|
|Aerospace Engineers||$122,890||5,222||Bachelor's degree or more||4,320|
|Industrial Engineers||$84,290||4,243||Bachelor's degree or more||3,873|
|Nuclear Engineers||$87,160||2,434||Bachelor's degree or more||2,372|
|Computer Hardware Engineers||$115,640||2,320||Bachelor's degree or more||1,982|
|Computer Scientists||$112,770||2,219||Bachelor's degree or more||1,901|
|Biological Technicians||$38,450||1,329||Bachelor's degree or more||1,086|
|Chemical Engineers||$111,660||1,275||Bachelor's degree or more||1,278|
|Petroleum Engineers||$133,070||1,101||Bachelor's degree or more||1,145|
|Marine Engineers||$82,570||1,096||Bachelor's degree or more||921|
|Biochemists and Biophysicists||$64,890||737||Bachelor's degree or more||580|
|Geoscientists||$89,450||616||Bachelor's degree or more||545|
|Health and Safety Engineers||$85,050||580||Bachelor's degree or more||529|
|Environmental Engineering Technicians||$42,130||537||Some college; Associate degree||440|
|Materials Engineers||$90,700||448||Bachelor's degree or more||430|
|Microbiologists||$60,380||417||Bachelor's degree or more||375|
Wage data: United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2013 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates: Virginia.
Employment projections data: Virginia Employment Commission, Virginia Occupational Employment Projections 2012-2022.
Predominant education level: Trailblazers through the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.
Career Cluster Planning
A resource for counselors, administrators, and educators
CTE Administrative Planning Guide (APG) – includes information to help local school divisions plan and schedule instructional programs. The APG is organized by career clusters, with a complete listing of courses, concentration sequences, and credentials available to students as they plan for career entry and continuing education. Users may access course information by cluster or by searching for specific courses or certifications.
Career Planning Guide – includes an easy way for students and counselors to look for courses to further career goals. One can search for occupations, browse by Career Clusters or favorite academic subjects.
Information and tips for instructional leaders, administrators, counselors and teachers/faculty for creating a career pathway academic and career plan of study.
- Science Technology, Engineering & Mathematics Cluster Information
- Checklist for Developing Career Clusters Plans of Study (Word)
Sample Academic and Career Plans of Study
School divisions are asked to develop sample plans of study based on the courses offered within their schools, the employment needs of the region, and the post-high school educational opportunities needed for these careers. Once these sample plans are developed, they can be customized to the needs of individual students so that all students have the opportunity to have an individualized academic and career plan of study.
Sample Pathway Plans of Study for Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics:
- Engineering & Technology (Agriculture Sample) (Word)
- Engineering & Technology (Energy and Power Sample) (Word)
- Engineering & Technology (Engineering Sample) (Word)
- Engineering & Technology (Technology Sample) (Word)
- Science & Math (Word)
- Blank Plan of Study (with fields) (Word)
Also see Sample Plans of Study for all clusters and pathways.
Cluster Analysis Document for VirginiaReport: Education, Employment and Earnings: Analyzing Data from Science, Technology, Engineering, & Mathematics (STEM)
Current research relative to employment sectors and information on occupation supply and demand. The information is presented in two formats: a summary brief and a detailed report.
Nontraditional Careers: Occupational and Employment Information
- Executive Summary – Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics in Virginia (PDF)
- Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics in Virginia (PDF)
- State Science and Technology Institute
- American Marine Technology Society
- American Society of Civil Engineers
The Career Clusters logo and its extensions are the property of the National Career Technical Foundation, as managed by NASDCTEc. Some content on this page is from the publication, R U College & Career Ready? - 2016 Edition; and is used here with permission from the Virginia Business Publications LLC and Trailblazers in the Demographics and Workforce Section of the Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service at the University of Virginia.