# Mathematics

Includes:

- Standards of Learning and Curriculum Frameworks
- Mathematics Instructional Plans (MIPs)
- Test Blueprints
- Practice Items

## Overview

The Mathematics Standards of Learning identify essential academic content at each grade level for sequential learning. The content of the mathematics standards supports the following five goals for students: becoming mathematical problem solvers, communicating mathematically, reasoning mathematically, making mathematical connections and using mathematical representations to model and interpret practical situations.

## Professional Development Resources

VDOE continues to provide professional development for school divisions and teachers to support the implementation of the Mathematics Standards of Learning. School divisions and teachers are encouraged to utilize the professional development resources to improve student achievement through quality instruction.

- 2018 Mathematics Standards of Learning (SOL) Institutes – The 2018 Mathematics Standards of Learning Institutes provided training that focused on implementing the 2016 Mathematics Standards of Learning; strengthening the teaching and learning of mathematics through facilitating meaningful mathematical discourse; and supporting equitable mathematics learning opportunities for all students. A product of the 2018 Mathematics Institutes is a set of online professional development modules designed to be used by a group of teachers of a specific grade level or course, facilitated by a member of the team.
- 2017 Mathematics Standards of Learning (SOL) Institutes – VDOE provided professional development for school divisions and their teachers to support implementation of the 2016 Mathematics Standards of Learning and Curriculum Framework. VDOE professional development resources support the use of high leverage mathematics teaching practices.

- 2009-2014 Mathematics Standards of Learning (SOL) Institutes – VDOE has provided targeted professional development through Mathematics Institutes since 2009. These institutes focused on the 2009 Mathematics Standards of Learning and were framed by the five process goals for students of becoming mathematical problem solvers, communicating mathematically, reasoning mathematically, making mathematical connections, and using mathematical representations to model and interpret practical situations.

## Mathematics Instructional Resources

In addition to the standards, curriculum frameworks, test blueprints and released tests, other instructional resources include:

- Algeblocks Training – online training for teachers who either need an introduction to the use of Algeblocks or need to reacquaint themselves with the manipulative
- Algebra Readiness Initiative – information to prepare students for success in algebra
- Co-teaching Mathematics Instructional Plans (2016 SOL) – These plans utilize the six common co-teaching approaches, and contain suggestions as to how co-teachers can effectively utilize the expertise of each teacher to enhance lessons and activities in a co-taught classroom. These co-teaching plans were created and modified by a select group of Virginia teachers participating in the Excellence for Co-teaching Initiative. These plans align instruction with the expectations of the 2016
*Mathematics Standards of Learning*, and were vetted by VDOE content and special education specialists.

- Instructional Videos for Teachers – videos provided as support for the implementation of the Virginia Mathematics Standards of Learning
- K-3 Mathematics Achievement Sample Records – Schools maintain a record of achievement in mathematics for each K-3 student to monitor progress and to promote achievement on third-grade SOL tests. This record accompanies a student who transfers to a new school
- K-5 Mathematics Module: Number and Number Sense (Aligned to 2009 SOL) – module designed to enhance teachers' content knowledge and their use of instructional strategies for teaching the number and number sense strand
- Mathematics Capstone Course Information – Guidance documents and links to instructional resources
- Mathematics Instructional Plans (2016 SOL) – formerly known as
*Enhanced Scope and Sequence Lessons*, are now available for Grades K-8, Algebra I, Geometry, Algebra II, and Algebra, Functions and Data Analysis. These instructional plans include updated 2009 documents, as well as newly developed instructional plans aligned to the 2016*Mathematics Standards of Learning*. The Mathematics Instructional Plans assist teachers in aligning instruction with the 2016*Mathematics Standards of Learning*by providing examples of how the knowledge, skills and processes found in the SOL and Curriculum Framework can be presented to students in the classroom. - Mathematics Vertical Articulation Tool (MVAT) – This tool provides support in identifying concepts aligned to the 2016
*Mathematics Standards of Learning*(SOL) that articulate across mathematics grade levels or courses. - Mathematics Vocabulary Word Wall Cards (K-8, Algebra I, Geometry, AFDA, and Algebra II) – provide a display of mathematics content words and associated visual cues to assist in vocabulary development.
- Virginia Animals and their Habitats (Aligned to 2009 SOL) – A model comprehensive, cross-curricular second-grade unit that addresses 40 grade-two Virginia Standards of Learning in science, mathematics, English, and history and social science.

- Virginia Kindergarten Readiness Program - a multi-dimensional kindergarten readiness assessment that complements the existing assessment of students’ literacy skills, using the Phonological Awareness Literacy Screening (PALS), with assessments of students’ early mathematics, self-regulation, and social skills.
- The purpose of the VKRP is for school divisions and the Commonwealth to have a more comprehensive understanding of students’ critical school readiness skills at kindergarten entry. Schools, divisions, and state leaders can use readiness data to prioritize individual student needs and target programs, resources, and professional development opportunities for teachers.
- In 2018, the Virginia General Assembly passed legislation that requires all kindergarten students be assessed using the VKRP by the end of the 2019-2020 school year and annually thereafter (HB5002, Item 128, H.).

## Technology & Mathematics Resources

- Desmos
- Texas Instruments – Education Technology
- Casio Education
- Geogebra – graphing utility and geometry tool
- National Library of Virtual Manipulatives
- NCTM Illuminations (some content intended for teacher use may be restricted to NCTM members only)
- You-Cubed
- Illustrative Mathematics

## Mathematics Update Email

Teachers, administrators and mathematics coordinators are encouraged to send an email to mathematics@doe.virginia.gov to receive the VDOE Mathematics Update distributed by the mathematics office.

## Professional Organizations

- National Council of Teachers of Mathematics (NCTM)
- National Council of Supervisors of Mathematics (NCSM)
- Virginia Council of Teachers of Mathematics (VCTM)
- Virginia Council for Mathematics Supervisors (VCMS)
- Virginia Council of Mathematics Specialists (VACMS)
- Virginia Math and Science Coalition (VMSC)

## Award Programs

- Presidential Awards for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching – The Presidential Award for Excellence in Mathematics and Science Teaching (PAEMST) is the highest recognition that a kindergarten through 12th-grade mathematics or science teacher may receive for outstanding teaching in the United States.