Curriculum & Instruction
To benefit all children, including those with disabilities and developmental delays, it is important to implement a curriculum framework that is flexible, comprehensive, and linked to assessment activities. Such a curriculum framework can facilitate learning of all children and families regardless of need, ability, or background. Curriculum in any preschool program should be one that is developmentally appropriate for the child’s age and align with the Milestones of Childhood Development (PDF) or the Foundation Blocks for Early Learning-This is a Word document..
- Virginia Foundation Blocks for Early Learning: Comprehensive Standards for Four-Year-Olds-This is a Word document. – Virginia’s Foundation Blocks for Early Learning describes specific indicators for children four years of age, in the content areas of reading and mathematics.
- Preschool Curriculum Review Rubric and Planning Tool-This is a Word document. The purpose of the Preschool Curriculum Review Rubric is to help early childhood educators identify and choose curricula that are based on scientific research and that align with Virginia’s Foundation Blocks for Early Learning.
- CONNECT, The Center to Mobilize Early Childhood Knowledge, Online Module – Embedded Interventions
The long term goal for our preschool aged children is for them to be as ready as possible to enter kindergarten. The earlier services are provided for children with disabilities, the better the long term prognosis. Children with special needs who have experienced support early in life do better in future settings. Research shows that participation in programs with typically developing peers is beneficial to all and enhances the language, social skills, and participation in a preschool program of all children. For more information about programs for typically developing peers, contact your local school division or go to Early Childhood Education and Virginia Head Start Association.
- Virginia Early Childhood Inclusion Guidance Document - This guidance document is designed to assist Virginia’s school divisions and early childhood communities in identifying, developing, and sustaining inclusive opportunities within high-quality early childhood programs for children with disabilities:
- Inclusive Placement Opportunities for Preschoolers (IPOP) – IPOP is developed by the Virginia Department of Education’s (VDOE) Early Childhood Network and is a systems approach to increasing the quantity and quality of inclusion for preschool students with Individual Education Programs (IEPs). It provides a planning guide and accompanying resources to support school divisions’ preschool programs in implementing inclusive practices across the commonwealth.
- U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Education Policy Statement on Inclusion of Children With Disabilities in Early Childhood Programs-This is a PDF document. - In September 2015, the U.S. Department of Education and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services issued a joint policy statement on promoting inclusion in early childhood programs to set a vision on this issue and provide recommendations to States, local educational agencies (LEAs), schools, and public and private early childhood programs.
- Dear Colleague Letter on Preschool Least Restrictive Environments-This is a PDF document. - In 2017, the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services updated a Dear Colleague Letter (DCL) on Preschool Least Restrictive Environments (LRE). The policy guidance provided key statutory and regulatory requirements, preschool placement options, and information related to educational environments data for preschool children with disabilities.
- U.S. Department of Education Early Learning Inclusion – The U.S. Department of Education provides resources related to inclusion in early childhood.
- Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center Inclusion Resources – ECTA provides a number of resources to support early childhood inclusion. Tools include documents related to developing policy and guidance; strategies for collaborative funding, including braided funding, and self-assessments.
- National Professional Development Center on Inclusion
- Inclusion Supported by Embedding the Special Quest Approach, Materials, and Resources into Professional Development and Service Systems
- Head Start Center for Inclusion
- United Cerebral Palsy – A Case for Inclusion
- Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center Inclusion in Least Restrictive Environments Topic Page
- Head Start Center for Inclusion
- Inclusive Education and Community, The Inclusion Series
Social Emotional Skills, Challenging Behavior, Mental Health
- Center on the Social and Emotional Foundations for Early Learning
- Technical Assistance Center on Social Emotional Intervention (TACSEI)
- Campaign for Children’s Mental Health
- Kids Mental Health Info – Early Childhood
- Positive Behavioral Intervention & Supports (OSEP TA Center)
- Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning (CASEL)
Response to Intervention in Early Childhood
- Recognition and Response
- National Center on Response to Intervention
- CONNECT, The Center to Mobilize Early Childhood Knowledge, Online Module – Tiered Instruction
Universal Design for Learning
- National Center of Universal Design for Learning
- Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center, Uniersal Design for Learning Resources
- Building Inclusive Child Care Questions to Consider in UDL Observations (PDF)
- Virginia Center for Young Readers
- National Reading Panel
- National Center for Family Literacy
- Center for Early Literacy Learning (CELL)
- CONNECT, The Center to Mobilize Early Childhood Knowledge, Online Module – Dialogic Reading Practices
- VDOE Assistive Technology
- Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST)
- The Family Center on Technology and Disability
- CONNECT, The Center to Mobilize Early Childhood Knowledge, Online Module – Assistive Technology
- Culturally & Linguistically Appropriate Services
- Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center (ECTA Center) Diversity topic page
- Head Start National Center on Cultural and Linguistic Responsiveness
- National Center for Cultural Competence Georgetown University
English Language Learners
- Education Resources Information Center
- Elementary and Early Childhood Education
- National Dissemination Center for Children with Disabilities
- What Works Clearinghouse
- Life Labs – A Life Without Limits at United Cerebral Palsy
- National Center for Children in Poverty