State law defines a criminal street gang as "any ongoing organization, association, or group of three or more persons, whether formal or informal, (i) which has as one of its primary objectives or activities the commission of one or more criminal activities, (ii) which has an identifiable name or identifying sign or symbol, and (iii) whose members individually or collectively have engaged in the commission of, attempt to commit, conspiracy to commit, or solicitation of two or more predicate criminal acts, at least one of which is an act of violence, provided such acts were not part of a common act or transaction."
The 2005 General Assembly increased criminal penalties for gang activities taking place within 1000 feet of any public or private school. State law requires intake officers to report to division superintendents any student against whom a petition is filed for certain offenses including:
- Prohibited criminal street gang activity
- Recruitment of other juveniles for a criminal street gang activity