Seal of Biliteracy
News & Announcements
Beginning last year, school divisions no longer place orders for diploma seals. The Virginia Department of Education (VDOE) issues an appropriate amount of each diploma seal to each division. The number of seals issued is determined by the number of diploma seals awarded in each division over the past three years, as reflected in the Student Record Collection, plus growth.
The diploma seals will be shipped to the school division’s central office mailing address, as reflected in SSWS, by May 1, 2021. The individual designated as the School Counseling Director in SSWS for each division will be the point of contact for diploma seals for communications with VDOE. The package of diploma seals will be addressed to the attention of that individual. Please ensure that this information in SSWS is accurate and up to date.
Any division requiring more diploma seals in order to meet the needs of the 2020-2021 graduating class must contact the Office of Policy at VDOE for additional seals at email@example.com. Refer to Superintendents’ Memo #062-21-This is a PDF document. for more information.
Approved Assessments for the Seal of Biliteracy
Remote-proctored assessments are acceptable so long as they follow test security protocols. Parent-proctored versions are not accepted. Refer to Evidence of Proficiency-This is a Word document. for a full list of assessment options.
The Board of Education’s Seal of Biliteracy certifies attainment of a high level of proficiency by a graduating high school student in one or more languages in addition to English, and certifies that the graduate meets of the following criteria:
- The Board of Education’s Seal of Biliteracy will be awarded to students who earn either a Board of Education-approved diploma and (i) pass all required End-of-Course Assessments in English reading and writing at the proficient or higher level; and (ii) be proficient at the intermediate-mid level or higher in one or more languages other than English, as demonstrated through an assessment from a list to be approved by the Superintendent of Public Instruction.
- For purposes of this article, "foreign language" means a language other than English, and includes American Sign Language.
Evidence of Proficiency (revised April 15, 2019)-This is a Word document. – This document lists assessments currently accepted as evidence of proficiency in languages other than English. The list will be updated regularly. Contact Lisa Harris, specialist for foreign languages and international education, to submit additional assessments for consideration.
- Assessment providers and school division personnel may submit additional assessments for consideration using the Request for Review of Assessment-This is a Word document. form.
- Contact Lisa Harris, specialist for world languages and international education for additional information and questions about assessments.
Sample Student Application (Word) – This sample is provided as a basic template for school divisions to use at their discretion in developing their own local application process. Each local school division will develop their own internal procedures for advertising the criteria, documenting progress, and tracking students who qualify for the Seal of Biliteracy. Students should contact their guidance counselor for information on the local application process.
What is the Seal of Biliteracy?
The Seal of Biliteracy is an award made by a state department of education or local district to recognize a student who has attained proficiency in English and one or more other world languages by high school graduation. The Seal serves to certify attainment of biliteracy for students, employers and institutions of higher education. It is a statement of accomplishment that helps to signal evidence of a student’s readiness for career and college, and for engagement as a global citizen.
The mission of the Board of Education and Superintendent of Public Instruction, in cooperation with their partners, is to develop policies and provide leadership that improve student achievement and prepare students to succeed in postsecondary education and the workplace. In support of this mission, the vision of the Seal of Biliteracy Advisory Board is to establish a means by which students can be recognized as proficient in more than one language. The Seal symbolizes the value placed on the ability to communicate and interact in diverse linguistic and cultural communities within local and global contexts.
In an increasingly connected world, Virginia’s international education and global initiatives prepare Virginia students to live, work and participate in the world economy. By recognizing students who develop literacy and multilingual skills, the prestige that comes with a State Seal program encourages students to develop a high level of global, linguistic, cultural, and communicative competence. Literacy in two or more languages represents a challenging academic standard. Second and third language development contributes to cognitive development, which in turn enables students to participate more fully in a global arena.
Maintaining and increasing Virginia’s economic prosperity requires citizens to be more skillful today, more globally engaged, and hence, more competent to take on the challenges of the rapidly evolving global realities. Consciously orienting our K-12 education policy towards the global economic challenge is a necessity. It is no longer sufficient for students to demonstrate competence on standardized tests that measure their ability to succeed in a local economy; it has become paramount for Virginia’s students to acquire the knowledge and skills that will enable them to successfully enter college, the work force, and participate as active citizens in an increasingly interdependent world. Language proficiency and intercultural competence are skills that provide a foundation for college and career readiness in any field, at home or abroad.
Articles and Research on the Seal of Biliteracy
Reports & Articles
- 2020 National Seal of Biliteracy Report for 2018-2019 Academic Year from SealofBiliteracy.org
- 2019 National Seal of Biliteracy Report for 2017-2018 Academic Year from SealofBiliteracy.org
- Seal of Biliteracy Goes Nationwide, Language Magazine, January 2021
- Minnesota Bilingual Seal with Performance at Proficiency Levels Along the Way, The Language Educator, Fall 2020
- The Value of Bilingualism and the Seal of Biliteracy from SealofBiliteracy.org
- Seal of Biliteracy Implementation: Benefits and Challenges from SealofBiliteracy.org
- TESOL 2018: ELs and the Seal of Biliteracy: Access and Achievement from SealofBiliteracy.org
- A Comparative Case Study: Administrators' and Students' Perceptions of the Seal of Biliteracy, Foreign Language Annals, 53 (3)
See the video abstract on YouTube and/or read the article on pages 458 - 477
- Global Initiatives in North Carolina: The Impact on Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Learners, Dimension 2020
- Prioritizing Multilingualism in U.S. Schools: States' Policy Journeys to Enact the Seal of Biliteracy, Educational Policy, September 2018
- Recognizing Whose Bilingualism? A Critical Policy Analysis of the Seal of Biliteracy, The Modern Language Journal, 103 (2), 371-390
- Shifting Ideologies: The Seal of Biliteracy in the United States, Language Learning in Anglophone Countries, 71-88
- The Seal of Biliteracy: Adding Students' Voices to the Conversation, Bilingual Research Journal, 41 (3), 312-328
- The Seal of Biliteracy: Case Studies and Considerations for Policy Implementation, Information Age Publishing, 2020
- The Seal of Biliteracy: Considering Equity and Access for English Learners, Education Policy Analysis Archives, 26 (99), 1-12
- The Seal of Biliteracy: Successes and Challenges to Implementation, Foreign Language Annals, 51 (2), 275-289
See the video abstract on YouTube and/or read the article on pages 275 - 289
- The Seal of Biliteracy: Variations in Policy and Outcomes, Foreign Language Annals, 50 (3), 486-499 See the video abstract on YouTube and/or read the article on pages 486 - 499
The American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL), the National Association of Bilingual Education (NABE), the National Council of State Supervisors for Languages (NCSSFL), and TESOL International Association have drafted and endorsed recommendations for the implementation of the Seal of Biliteracy. These national guidelines-This is a PDF document. helped inform the work of the Steering Committee in drafting recommendations for the Virginia Seal of Biliteracy.
Global Seal of Biliteracy
The Global Seal of Biliteracy is a free, alternate parallel program to credential a high level of fluency in two or more languages. The Global Seal of Biliteracy can provide an alternate avenue to certify language skills for students who are not eligible to participate in the Virginia Seal of Biliteracy program, such as those graduating from private schools or other venues not offering a Virginia Board of Education approved diploma. For more information, visit the Global Seal of Biliteracy website.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Who determines if a student is eligible to receive the Seal of Biliteracy?
- Local school divisions will be responsible for reviewing evidence submitted by students as proof of proficiency and determining if the student has met the requirements. The requirements for eligibility can be found in the Guidelines for Issuing a Virginia Seal of Biliteracy.
- Can this seal be given in conjunction with another seal?
- Yes.The Seal of Biliteracy is awarded independent of the other Seals and as such can be earned alone or in any combination with other Seals.
- Does the Seal of Biliteracy come with any high school credits?
- No. The Seal of Biliteracy is a recognition of a minimum proficiency level attained by a student in at least one language in addition to English. The Seal of Biliteracy is not awarded based on seat time or course completion requirements and it is not tied to credits. Attainment of the Seal does not by itself provide credits towards graduation. See the Standards of Accreditation section 8 VAC 20-131-110 for more on the awarding of credits.
- What kind of insignia will be provided to students who earn the Seal?
- One gold, embossed, self-adhesive seal will be provided for each qualifying graduate. It is a state-wide seal that has been specially designed for the Seal of Biliteracy designation.
- Does the Seal of Biliteracy apply to American Sign Language (ASL)?
- Yes. In Virginia, ASL is considered a foreign (world) language.
- The original legislation mentions grade point average. Can a student’s GPA be used to award the Seal of Biliteracy?
- No.The original legislation did direct the Board of Education to consider GPA as one of a number of possible criteria, however; this option was not included in the final approved criteria as our current grading systems are not proficiency-based.
- When a student is interested in receiving a Seal of Biliteracy, who is responsible for the cost of the assessments?
- This is a local decision. The local school division may, but are not required to, cover costs for any associated assessments.
- Is the Seal of Biliteracy available for private school or home school students who don’t receive a diploma from a public school?
- No. The Virginia Seal of Biliteracy is a diploma seal and is available only in conjunction with a Board of Education approved diploma. The diploma seals may be ordered only by the central office of a Virginia public school division. Students who graduate from programs that issue diplomas other than a Board of Education approved diploma may wish to pursue the Global Seal of Biliteracy as a credential of their language proficiency.
Demonstrating Proficiency in English
- The guidelines state under criteria: "pass all required End-of-course Assessments in English reading and writing at the proficient or higher level." What would constitute proficient?
- Scores of 400 or higher are considered proficient for these SOL assessments.
- Can the End-of-Course Writing requirement be fulfilled by passing a substitute test that is permitted by VDOE such as Work Keys Business Writing?
- The student must demonstrate proficiency in English by whatever assessments are currently in place as graduation requirements, which at this time is the end-of-course English Reading and Writing SOL tests given in high school; or any state approved substitute assessment given in place of the English SOL tests. Scores of 400 or higher are considered proficient for these SOL assessments.
- For the Seal, Intermediate-mid proficiency is the requirement. Would ESL students need to meet a 5.0 overall and 5.0 literacy for the English biliteracy element to be considered for the Seal?
- All candidates for the Seal of Biliteracy including English Learners (EL) will demonstrate proficiency in English by whatever assessments are currently in place as graduation requirements, which at this time are the end-of-course English Reading and Writing SOL tests given in high school. Scores of 400 or higher are considered proficient for these SOL assessments. If the EL is demonstrating proficiency in English through an approved alternative assessment, then they must achieve the score needed in that assessment to satisfy graduation requirements for English.
Demonstrating Proficiency in Languages Other Than English
- When should/must the foreign language proficiency be demonstrated? I know that we have the 11th grade English SOL but if a student, for example, reaches Intermediate-Mid on the STAMP in 8th grade, is this acceptable to earn the Seal? Is there an expiration date for Foreign Language tests?
- At this time, the criteria do not stipulate a time-frame for demonstrating proficiency in languages other than English. The local school division will determine the process for submitting and evaluating evidence of proficiency for their students. Best practice in this area would be to assess as close in time as possible to the date of graduation to ensure that language proficiency is accurately portrayed.
- When an assessment has more than one part, which part or parts does a student have to take to be eligible for the Seal? If they pass just one part of the assessment at the intermediate-mid level, does that count?
- The required minimum elements for each assessment are listed on the Acceptable Evidence of Proficiency-This is a Word document.. If a test has no composite score, use the lowest score on the test that involves literacy and/ or communication with others for the proficiency rating.
- When an assessment has multiple parts, can the sub-scores be averaged to determine if the student is eligible for the Seal of Biliteracy?
- No. All required sub-scores must meet or exceed the minimum level listed for that assessment. If any required sub-score is below the benchmark level, then the student is not eligible for the Seal, even if other sub-scores meet or exceed the benchmark level.
- The SAT II only seems available for Latin. Can the SAT II (with listening) be used for modern languages?
- No. The SAT II is not accepted as evidence of proficiency at this time for any language other than Latin.
- Students who are seeking to use the results from an AP or IB exam taken during their senior year to qualify for the Seal of Biliteracy will receive the results two to three months after graduation. Will these students be eligible to receive a seal after graduation? How can these students be recognized at their graduation ceremony?
- Yes, the seal may be awarded after graduation. Divisions may choose to recognize these students as “candidates for the Virginia Seal of Biliteracy” during graduation ceremonies.
- We have a locally developed assessment to use with languages that do not have other readily available assessments. Can we use those assessments as evidence of proficiency?
- Assessments not already listed on the Acceptable Evidence of Proficiency -This is a Word document. must first be submitted for approval. Division personnel and other stakeholders may submit additional assessments for review. Information about the assessment should be sent to the Specialist for Foreign Languages by no later than January 30 in order for the assessment to be evaluated for inclusion in the current school year list. The assessment list will be updated annually, or when new assessments are approved.
- Can we use another school division’s approved assessments for our students to demonstrate proficiency in languages other than English?
- Once an assessment is approved, it is considered acceptable evidence for any student who takes the test and receives at least the minimum rating listed for that assessment. Interested persons may contact the school division representative to request permission to use the test; however, it is the decision of the assessment provider as to who will have access to the test.
- Who orders the Seal of Biliteracy?
- The process for ordering the Seal of Biliteracy and other diploma seals is announced in the spring of each year via a Superintendents’ Memorandum. All orders must be placed directly with the named vendor. The provider will only accept orders from the central office of the school division; orders will not be accepted from individual schools.
- Will the DOE be posting the forms the school district needs to submit and the deadlines for those submissions?
- The process for ordering the Seal of Biliteracy and other diploma seals will be announced in the spring of each year via a Superintendents’ Memorandum.
- Is there a fee to order the Seals?
- No. There is no fee charged to order the Seals.